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Because the begin of the Russian invasion on February 24, Ukraine has liberated a complete of 74,443 sq km of territory from Russian forces, in accordance with information from the Institute for the Research of Battle think-tank.
Ukrainian forces superior into Kherson on Friday after Russia stated its forces had accomplished their withdrawal from the southern metropolis, sealing one of many greatest setbacks to president Vladimir Putin’s invasion.
Kyiv’s progress and Moscow’s chaotic retreat throughout the Dnipro river, performed below Ukrainian artillery fireplace, means Russia has now surrendered the one provincial capital it had captured within the battle, in addition to ceding key strategic positions.
On the finish of August, Ukraine launched its first large counter-attack since Russia’s full assault on the nation started in February, at the same time as Kyiv complained that its forces lacked enough heavy western weaponry to make a decisive strike.
The advance liberated 3,000 sq km of territory in simply six days — Ukraine’s greatest victory because it pushed Russian troops again from the capital in March.
Ukraine’s forces have continued to push east, capturing the essential transport hub of Lyman, close to the north-eastern fringe of the Donetsk province, which it wrestled from Russian management on October 1. The hard-fought victory got here after almost three weeks of battle and set the stage for a Ukrainian advance in the direction of Svatove, a logistics centre for Russia after its troops misplaced the Kharkiv area within the lightning Ukrainian counter-offensive.
Different key maps and charts from the battle
The shift within the battle’s focus in the direction of the Donbas area follows Russia’s failure to seize Kyiv in the course of the first section of the battle. Earlier than Ukraine’s fast counter-offensive, marginal Russian positive factors within the east urged the battle was coming into a interval of stalemate.
The Russians have been thwarted in Kyiv by a mix of things, together with geography, the attackers’ blundering and fashionable arms — in addition to Ukraine’s ingenuity with smartphones and items of froth mat.
The variety of Ukrainians fleeing the battle makes it one of many largest refugee crises in fashionable historical past.
In mid-March, an assault on a Ukrainian navy base, which had been utilized by US troops to coach Ukrainian troopers, added to Russia’s more and more direct threats that Nato’s continued assist of Ukraine risked making it an enemy combatant within the battle. On March 24, Nato agreed to ascertain 4 new multinational battle teams in Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia so as to add to troops in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
Sources: Institute for the Research of Battle, Rochan Consulting, FT analysis
Cartography and improvement by Steve Bernard, Chris Campbell, Caitlin Gilbert, Emma Lewis, Joanna S Kao, Sam Learner, Ændra Rininsland, Niko Kommenda, Alan Smith, Martin Stabe, Neggeen Sadid and Liz Faunce. Based mostly on reporting by Roman Olearchyk and John Reed in Kyiv, Man Chazan in Lviv, Henry Foy in Brussels and Neggeen Sadid in London.